Wednesday, August 18, 2010

First Cartoon

The first animated cartoon character was created in France, by Charles-Émile Reynaud, who was a French science teacher. Reynaud shaped the Praxinoscope in 1877 and the Théâtre Optique in December 1888. On 28 October 1892, he expected the first animation in public, Pauvre Pierrot, at the Musée Grévin in Paris. This film is also extraordinary as the first known instance of film perforations being used. His films were not snapped, but drawn directly onto the transparent strip. In 1900, more than 500,000 people had attended these broadcasts.

The opening (photographed) animated projection was "Humorous Phases of Funny Faces" (1906) by newspaper cartoonist J. Stuart Blackton, one of the co-founders of the Vitagraph Company arrived. In the movie, a cartoonist's line sketching of two faces were 'animated' (or came to life) on a blackboard.

The first animated projection in the customary sense, i.e. on motion picture film was "Fantasmagorie" by the French director Émile Cohl in 1908. This was trailed by two more films, "Le Cauchemar du fantoche" ["The Puppet's Nightmare", now lost] and "Un Drame chez les fantoches" ["A Puppet Drama", called "The Love Affair in Toyland" for American release and "Mystical Love-Making" for British release], all completed in 1908.

One of the very first victorious animated cartoons was "Gertie the Dinosaur " (1914) by Winsor McCay. It is measured the first example of true character animation.

The first animated feature movie was "El Apóstol", an argentine movie that was made in 1917, it last 70 min, and it's believed a Lost Film.

In the 1930s to 1960s, theatrical cartoons were fashioned in huge numbers, and usually shown before a characteristic film in a movie theater. MGM, Disney, Paramount and Warner Brothers were the largest studios bring into being these 5 to 10-minute "shorts".

Competition from television depicted audiences away from movie theaters in the late 1950s, and the theatrical cartoon began it beg to be excused. Today, animated cartoons are formed mostly for television.


Post a Comment